Taxonomy

Common Name: LAMPREY, SOUTHERN BROOK
Phylum: CHORDATA
Class: CEPHALASPIDOMORPHI
Order: PETROMYZONTIFORMES
Family: PETROMYZONTIDAE
Genus: ICHTHYOMYZON
Species: GAGEI

Taxonomic Authority: HUBBS and TRAUTMAN

Taxonomy References: 002

Status

NONGAME
STATE RANK S2S3
GLOBAL RANK G5

Status References: 003, 010, 013

Habitat Summary

"Occur in streams."

Primary Habitat: "Aquatic - river/stream"

References: 001, 007, 008

Distribution

General Occurrence in State:

"Known from widely separate localities in the Ozarks *011*."

County Occurrence
Known Likely Unknown Not Likely Historic Extirpated
BENTON BARRYADAIR  
MADISON CEDARANDREW  
MCDONALD CHRISTIANATCHISON  
ST. CLAIR DADEAUDRAIN  
TANEY GREENEBARTON  
WAYNE LACLEDEBATES  
WRIGHT LAWRENCEBOLLINGER  
  NEWTONBOONE  
  POLKBUCHANAN  
  RIPLEYBUTLER  
  SHANNONCALDWELL  
  STONECALLAWAY  
  TEXASCAMDEN  
  WEBSTERCAPE GIRARDEAU  
   CARROLL  
   CARTER  
   CASS  
   CHARITON  
   CLARK  
   CLAY  
   CLINTON  
   COLE  
   COOPER  
   CRAWFORD  
   DALLAS  
   DAVIESS  
   DEKALB  
   DENT  
   DOUGLAS  
   DUNKLIN  
   FRANKLIN  
   GASCONADE  
   GENTRY  
   GRUNDY  
   HARRISON  
   HENRY  
   HICKORY  
   HOLT  
   HOWARD  
   HOWELL  
   IRON  
   JACKSON  
   JASPER  
   JEFFERSON  
   JOHNSON  
   KNOX  
   LAFAYETTE  
   LEWIS  
   LINCOLN  
   LINN  
   LIVINGSTON  
   MACON  
   MARIES  
   MARION  
   MERCER  
   MILLER  
   MISSISSIPPI  
   MONITEAU  
   MONROE  
   MONTGOMERY  
   MORGAN  
   NEW MADRID  
   NODAWAY  
   OREGON  
   OSAGE  
   OZARK  
   PEMISCOT  
   PERRY  
   PETTIS  
   PHELPS  
   PIKE  
   PLATTE  
   PULASKI  
   PUTNAM  
   RALLS  
   RANDOLPH  
   RAY  
   REYNOLDS  
   SALINE  
   SCHUYLER  
   SCOTLAND  
   SCOTT  
   SHELBY  
   ST. CHARLES  
   ST. FRANCOIS  
   ST. LOUIS  
   STE. GENEVIEVE  
   STODDARD  
   SULLIVAN  
   VERNON  
   WARREN  
   WASHINGTON  
   WORTH  

References for distribution: 001, 006, 009, 010, 011, 014

Distribution by Watersheds

Castor R. and Castor R. Diversion Channel
St. Francis R. from Headwaters to Wappapello Dam
Sac R.
Osage R. from Warsaw to Bagnell Dam
Gasconade R. from Headwaters to Big Piney R.
White R. below Tablerock Dam and Little North Fork White R.
Indian Creek

Comments:
""

Distribution by Ecoregions

Ozark Highlands

""

Distribution by Potential Natural Vegetation

Bluestem Prairie/Oak Hickory Forest
Oak-Hickory Forest

Distribution by Natural Divisions of Missouri

Ozark: Springfield Plateau
Ozark: Upper Ozark
Ozark: St. Francois Mountains
Ozark: Elk River
Ozark: White River
Ozark: Lower Ozark

Habitat Associations

Species is associated with "Aquatic" habitats

National Wetlands Inventory Association:

Riverine

Aquatic Associations:

"See Comments"
"Riverine, unknown perennial", "Unconsolidated bottom, all subclasses"

References for Aquatic Associations:

001, 006, 007, 008

Habitat Types:

Permanent Stream

References for Habitat Types: 004

Terrestrial Natural Communities:

References for Terrestrial Natural Communities:

Food Habits

Trophic Level:

"Omnivore"

Larval Food Habits

Homoptera (cicadas, hoppers, aphids, scale insects); Not Specified
Bacillariophyceae (diatoms); Not Specified
Roundworms; Not Specified
Copepods (Cyclops, Calanus); Not Specified

Comments for larval food habits:
"This information from September-June study in Mill Creek drainag"

References for larval food habits: Comments for larval food habits:
008

Juvenile Food Habits

Comments for juvenile food habits:
""

References for juvenile food habits:

Adult Food Habits

Comments for adult food habits:
"Feeds only during ammocoete stage.*008*"

References for adult food habits:

Niche Requirements

Egg Niche Requirements

Water level: permanently flooded
Inland wetlands: permanent stream

References for egg niches requirements: 001, 007, 008

Feeding Larvae Niche Requirements

Bottom type: mud or silt
Bottom type: sand
Bottom type: organic debris
Current velocity: no noticable current
Current velocity: slow current
Water level: permanently flooded
Inland wetlands: permanent stream
Inland wetlands: backwaters
Stream order specified in comments(00260)
General habitat association specified in comments(00270)
Leaf litter/ground debris

References for feeding larvae niche requirements: 001, 007, 008

References for resting larvae niche requirements: 001, 007, 008

Breeding Adult Niche Requirements

Water temperature specified in comments(00010)
Turbidity: clear water
Bottom type: sand
Bottom type: pebble
Bottom type: gravel
Bottom type: rubble
Current velocity: moderate current
Water level: permanently flooded
Water depth specified in comments(00230)
Inland wetlands: permanent stream
Stream order specified in comments(00260)
Natural features: riffles

References for breeding adult niche requirements: 001, 007, 008

Niche Requirement Summary

Bottom type: gravel
Bottom type: mud or silt
Bottom type: organic debris
Bottom type: pebble
Bottom type: rubble
Bottom type: sand
Current velocity: moderate current
Current velocity: no noticable current
Current velocity: slow current
General habitat association specified in comments(00270)
Inland wetlands: backwaters
Inland wetlands: permanent stream
Leaf litter/ground debris
Natural features specified in comments(00280)
Natural features: riffles
Stream order specified in comments(00260)
Turbidity: clear water
Water depth specified in comments(00230)
Water level: permanently flooded
Water temperature specified in comments(00010)

Comments for all niche requirement fields:
Code Comment
00010:In AL, spawning observed at temperatures near 75 degrees F *07*.
00230:In AL, water depth at spawning sites was 2-3 inches *07*.
00260:Occur in medium sized creeks to moderately large rivers *01*. In TX study, ammocoetes more abundant in tributaries than main stream *08*.
00270:Ammocoetes occur in accumulations of leaves and debris in slack water, usually below obstructions or at the downstream end on sandbars *07*.
00280:In AL, spawn at upper ends of sand and gravel riffles *07*.

Life History Information

Age and growth information specified in comments(038)
Fecundity specified in comments(041)
Other life history information specified in comments(099)
Origin in state: native
Seasonal distribution in state: all seasons
Foraging strategy: filtering
Foraging sites: feed on bottom of stream, lake or pond
Breeding season specified in comments(007)
Mating system specified in comments(008)
Spawning site: flowing water
Spawning site: gravel
Nest dimensions specified in comments(016)
Clutch/litter size specified in comments(018)
Parental care of young: no care
Age at sexual maturity specified in comments(022)

Comments about Life History:
Code Comment
008:Usually communal spawning *001*.
022:Larval development 3 years *007*.
007:In MO spawn in April and May *001*. In AL, spawning observed May 1 *007*. In TX spawning during spring *008*.
016:Nests in AL were roundish depression 6-8" wide and about 2" deep *007*.
018:Ga specimens averaging 150 mm tl averaged 2,786 eggs, 10 females averaged 1,787.4 eggs *007*.
099:5-20 lampreys participated in nest building and spawning in AL *007*.
038:In TX, adult females average 117 mm long, adult females average 106 mm *008*. In MO, adults about 4.5-7", larvae reach 7" or more *001*. Life span of adults less than 1 year *008*.
041:Fecundity in AL 820-3264 *007*.

References for life history: 001, 007, 008

Management

Beneficial Management Practices:
Water - control pollution (thermal, physical, chemical)

Beneficial Management References: 006

Adverse Management Practices:
Water - dredging and filling
Water - navigational improvements (channelization, dams, locks)
Water - stream channelization
Water - drainage of wetlands, marshes, ponds, lakes

Adverse Management References: 001, 006, 007, 008, 015

Comments on Management:

References for Management Comments:

References

Reference Code Citation
(001)Pflieger, W.L. 1997. The Fishes Of Missouri, Revised Edition. MO Dept. Of Conservation. Jefferson City, Mo. 372 Pp.
(002)Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams. 2004. Common And Scientific Names Of Fishes From The United States, Canada and Mexico (6th Ed.). Amer. Fish Soc. Spec. Publ. No. 29. 386 pp.
(003)The Wildlife Code of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, P.O. Box 180, Jefferson City, MO 65102. 573-751-4115.
(004)Kelly, G. (Ed.) 1986. Animal Habitat Relations Handbook. Mo Dept. Of Conservation and U.S.D.A. Forest Service. Jefferson City, Mo. 293 Pp.
(005)Thom, R.H. and J.H. Wilson. 1980 The Natural Divisions Of Missouri. Trans. Mo Acad. Sci. 14:9-24.
(006)Unpb Pflieger, W.L. Mo Dept. Of Conservation, 1110 S. College Ave., Columbia, Mo 65201. (573-882-9880).
(007)Dendy, J.S. and D.C. Scott. 1953. Distribution, Life History, And Morphological Variations Of The Southern Brook Lamprey, Ichthyomyzon Gagei. Copeia 1953(3):152-162.
(008)Moshin, A.K.M. and B.J. Gallaway. 1977. Seasonal Abundance, Distribution, Food Habits And Condition Of The Southern Brook Lamprey, Ichthyomyzon Gagei Hubbs and Trautman, In An East Texas Watershed. Sw Nat. 22(1):107-114.
(009)Unpb Pflieger, W.L. The Stream Resources Of Missouri. D-J Project F-1-R-28. Study S-20. Mo Dept. Conserv. 1110 S. College Ave. Columbia, Mo 65201. (573)882-9880.
(010)The Checklist Of Rare And Endangered Species Of Missouri. 1991. Mo Dept. Of Conservation. Jefferson City, Mo. 44 Pp. Soil Conserv. Serv. 129 Pp.
(011)Unpb Missouri Department of Conservation Heritage Database. P.O. Box 180, Jefferson City, Mo 65102.
(012)Pflieger, W.L. 1989. Aquatic Community Classification System For Missouri. Mo Dept. Of Conservation. Aquatic Series No. 19. 70 Pp + Supplement.
(013)Missouri Natural Heritage Program. 2004. Missouri Species and Communities of Conservation Concern Checklist. Missouri Department Of Conservation. Jefferson City, Missouri. 47 Pp.
(014)Unpb Burr, B. 1999. Missouri Dept. Of Conservation Collector's Report. Mo Dept. Of Conservation, P.O. Box 180, Jefferson City, Mo 65102. 573-751-4115.
(015)Quinn, Jeffrey W. and Thomas J. Kwak. 2003. Fish assemblage changes in an Ozark River after impoundment: a long-term perspective. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 132:110-119